International Morse Code

For learning Morse code it is recommended to use this reference, but if you like, the dots and dashes are available too. If you click on any of the highlighted letters or symbols the Morse sound will be played.

Letter Morse
A di-dah
B dah-di-di-dit
C dah-di-dah-dit
D dah-di-dit
E dit
F di-di-dah-dit
G dah-dah-dit
H di-di-di-dit
I di-dit
J di-dah-dah-dah
K dah-di-dah
L di-dah-di-dit
M dah-dah
Letter Morse
N dah-dit
O dah-dah-dah
P di-dah-dah-dit
Q dah-dah-di-dah
R di-dah-dit
S di-di-dit
T dah
U di-di-dah
V di-di-di-dah
W di-dah-dah
X dah-di-di-dah
Y dah-di-dah-dah
Z dah-dah-di-dit
Digit Morse
0 dah-dah-dah-dah-dah
1 di-dah-dah-dah-dah
2 di-di-dah-dah-dah
3 di-di-di-dah-dah
4 di-di-di-di-dah
5 di-di-di-di-dit
6 dah-di-di-di-dit
7 dah-dah-di-di-dit
8 dah-dah-dah-di-dit
9 dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
Letter Morse
ä di-dah-di-dah
á di-dah-dah-di-dah
å di-dah-dah-di-dah
Ch dah-dah-dah-dah
é di-di-dah-di-dit
ñ dah-dah-di-dah-dah
ö dah-dah-dah-dit
ü di-di-dah-dah
Punctuation Mark Morse
& Ampersand di-dah-di-di-dit
' Apostrophe di-dah-dah-dah-dah-dit
@ At sign di-dah-dah-di-dah-dit
) Bracket, close (parenthesis) dah-di-dah-dah-di-dah
( Bracket, open (parenthesis) dah-di-dah-dah-dit
: Colon dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit
, Comma dah-dah-di-di-dah-dah
= Equals sign dah-di-di-di-dah
! Exclamation mark
Not in ITU-R recommendation
. Full-stop (period) di-dah-di-dah-di-dah
- Hyphen dah-di-di-di-di-dah
+ Plus sign di-dah-di-dah-dit
" Quotation marks di-dah-di-di-dah-dit
? Question mark (query) di-di-dah-dah-di-dit
/ Slash dah-di-di-dah-dit
Prosign (?) Morse
<AA> New line di-dah-di-dah
<AR> End of message di-dah-di-dah-dit
<AS> Wait di-dah-di-di-dit
<BK> Break dah-di-di-di-dah-di-dah
<BT> New paragraph dah-di-di-di-dah
<CL> Going off the air ("clear") dah-di-dah-di-di-dah-di-dit
<CT> Start copying dah-di-dah-di-dah
<DO> Change to wabun code dah-di-di-dah-dah-dah
<KN> Invite a specific station to transmit dah-di-dah-dah-dit
<SK> End of transmission di-di-di-dah-di-dah
<SN> Understood (also VE) di-di-di-dah-dit
<SOS> Distress message di-di-di-dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit
Other Phrases Abbreviation
Over K
Roger R
See you later CUL
Be seeing you BCNU
You're UR
Signal report RST
Best regards 73
Love and kisses 88
Q Code (?) Meaning
QSL I acknowledge receipt
QSL? Do you acknowledge?
QRX Wait
QRX? Should I wait?
QRV I am ready to copy
QRV? Are you ready to copy?
QRL The frequency is in use
QRL? Is the frequency in use?
QTH My location is...
QTH? What is your location?
Sound Controls


If the duration of a dot is taken to be one unit then that of a dash is three units. The space between the components of one character is one unit, between characters is three units and between words seven units. To indicate that a mistake has been made and for the receiver to delete the last word, send di-di-di-di-di-di-di-dit (eight dots).

The prosigns are combinations of two letters sent together with no space in between. They are indicated here using angled brackets. The other abbreviations and Q codes are sent with the normal spacing.